The first site that most tourists visit while arriving to Libya is Tripoli or the capital country. It is the city of Islamic civilization, Arab art and handicraft, where every monument narrates a tale. The dominating site of Tripoli is the castle, Al-Saraya Al-Hamra, which occupies the east quadrant of the old city. The Castle Museum displays archaeology and artifacts of ancient Libyan history covering the Phoenician, Greek and Roman periods. Tripoli is also vibrant with lush garden filled with olive trees, palms, grapevines, and orange groves.
Founded by the Canaanites in the 6th century BC the World Heritage site of Sabratah is located on the beautiful Mediterranean coastline. The Amphitheatre in Sabratha is a major tourist spot with a wide variety of public baths, temples and fountains.
The historical town of Leptis Magna in the east of Tripoli offers incredible archaeological sites. It was originally a port, built by the Phoenicians in the first millennium BC. Among the things worth seeing in Leptis Magna are the Severan Arch built in honor of Emperor Septimus Severus, the Hadrianic Baths, a detailed Basilica and an amphitheater.
One of the best tours that Libya offers is a visit to Ghadames desert, in the south of Tripoli. Built in an oasis, Ghadames, “the pearl of the desert”, is one of the oldest pre-Saharan cities and a beautiful specimen of a traditional settlement. The old town’s unique architecture consists of whitewashed mud walls and narrow and obscure walkways. Worth seeing are the D’jmaa al-Kabir mosque, where the minaret can be climbed for a wonderful panorama of the city; Mulberry Square or the old slave market and the House Museum, that displays unique mercantile furnishings. Nearby are the Zallaf Sand Dunes, abode of the native Tuareng tribe.
Benghazi is Libya’s second-largest city located on the eastern most part of the Gulf of Sirt. Ras Alteen a nearby beach with pristine white sands is a relaxation spot of the tourists. Other historical sites include the battlefield of Tobruk and the town of Cyrene. In nearby Suluq stands the mausoleum of Omar Mokhtar, hero of the Libyan Resistance during the Italian occupation.
Libya is a fascinating mix of history, culture and desert life. Tripoli, the capital city is a showcase to the rest of the country. Interesting sights include the Al medina Al Gadima, Al Saray Al Hare Castle, the many bazaars and souks as well as the museums and The countries Islamic heritage can be seen at Sirt, Darnah and Ajdabiya, and a glimpse of local Libyan life can be observed in the desert cities of Ghadames, Ghat, Ahwhat, Ojla, mosques. Tripoli is the capital of Libya.
Religion: The state religion is Islam (Sunni Muslim).
Official Language: The official language is Arabic. English and Italian are also spoken.
Climate: Libya has a Mediterranean climate. Winters are mild and wet and summers, hot and dry.
Units of measure and electricity: Libya follows the metric system of measurement and the official electricity unit is 220V, 50 Hz.
Time Zone: The Libya standard time is GMT + 2.
Currency: Libyan Dinar (1 € = 1, 72 LYD).
Travel documents required: Visas are necessary for travel to Libya.
Tripoli is Libya’s largest city and port, the country’s capital full-time .
It is located on the Mediterranean Sea, in the northwestern part of the country.
The climate is Mediterranean with hot dry summers, cool winters and some modest rainfall.
The city was founded in the 7th century BC by the Phoenicians, who named it Oea. As an important gateway between Africa and Europe, commerce prospered through the years.
Modern Tripoli is divided into two parts:
El-Mina, the port area and site of the beautiful ancient city;
The town of Tripoli. Tripoli International Airport is very near the city.
Benghazi is in north-eastern Libya. Located on the Gulf of Sidra Benghazi, it is the second largest city in the country.
Benghazi has a Mediterranean climate with moderate wet winters and warm dry summers.
Derna is located in the northern part of Libya, along the Mediterranean Sea.
Derna enjoys a humid Mediterranean climate with temperatures in the summer averaging 30°C. Winter temperatures are much cooler here than in the interior desert region; rainfall occurs at this time of the year.
Germa is a small village in the western part of Libya. This sparsely populated settlement is nestled in the eastern Sahara desert or what is also known as the Fezzan desert region.
The climate here is typical of the desert region of the country. There is hardly any rainfall at all. Summers are hot with temperatures often hovering around the 50°C mark; winters are chilly. A hot desert wind, the ghibli, can raise the temperature any time of the year.
Ghadhames is a beautiful oasis town in the country of Libya, in Africa. It is located 600 km south-west of Tripoli (the capital of Libya), near the border between Algeria and Tunisia.
Gradhames is characterized by a typical desert climate it experiences scorching, dry heat during the summers, while the winters are mild. There are huge variations in the day and night temperatures. October to April is the best time to visit this place.
Ghat is located in the south-western part of Libya. This remote region, almost in the middle of the great Sahara Desert.
Ghat has the typical desert climate with temperatures in summer often soaring to 50ºC, while in winters they may drop to 15ºC in the day and even below the freezing point at night.
Sussa, also known as Apollonia, lies on the north-western side of the Al Jabal Al Akhdar (Green Mountains) in Al Jabal Al Akhdar, Libya. The city of Sussa, is about 1,300 km from the Libyan capital Tripoli. Situated on the Mediterranean coast, it is 20 km north of Shahat (Cyrene). Apollonia served as a harbour for Cyrene and was one of the five towns of the Greek Pentapolis.
The region Hot, dry summers and cool winters are characteristic of the weather in Sussa. Dust storms and sandstorms accompanied by the southern Gibli winds are a common occurrence.
Shahat, also known historically as Cyrene, is a city in northern Libya. It is one of the biggest and most beautiful archaeological areas in the Green Mountains. The nearest airports are the Benin International Airport (in Benghazi).It is Founded in 631 BC by Greek expatriates, the city lies on the ruins of Cyrene. It is classified as a World Heritage Site is considered one of the most beautiful Greek vestiges in the world today. Shahat was also the most famous of the Pentapolis cities of the region.
The region experiences a temperate-Mediterranean climate, with cool winters and dry summers. Extreme weather conditions are to be expected due to the desert terrain.
Leptis Magna is an archaeological site in the northern part of Libya. It is located in the Al Khums region, with the Mediterranean coast on one side and the Sahara Desert on the other. Owing to its location near the Mediterranean Sea the area has a more temperate climate than the interiors of the country.
The impact of the desert keeps the climate dry with very hot summers and pleasant winters. Rainfall is minimal.
Sabratah is situated in the northern part of Libya, in the Zawia district along the Mediterranean coast.
The region enjoys a typical Mediterranean climate—more temperate climate than the interiors of the country. The impact of the desert keeps the climate dry with very hot summers and pleasant winters. Rainfall is minimal.
Sabratah was one of the three ancient cities of Tripoli; the closest one. Its port was developed more than 2,500 years ago, and it was used as a trading post for the surrounding areas to ship their products to other areas of the world.
Tolmeitha, previously known as Ptolemais, is a tranquil town in Al Marj, in north-eastern Libya. It lies at the foot of the Green Mountains and forms a part of the impressive Greek Pentapolis (which also includes Apollonia and Cyrene). Historically, Tolmeitha was a part of the ancient city of Cyrenaica. In troubled times, it acted as a safe haven between Apollonia (modern Sussa) and Euhesperides-Berenice (modern Benghazi).
The region experiences a Mediterranean climate, adding to its charm as a year-round tourist destination. Tolmeitha’s weather is mostly desert-like and dry, but pleasant near water bodies
Tukra, or Teuchira as it was earlier known, is a historic city in the Green Mountains region of Libya. Founded in 510 BC, it used to be a port city for the Greeks and later became of one of the five cities of the respected Pentapolis along with Cyrene, Apollonia, Berenice and Ptolemais (during the rule of Ptolemy the Great).
Tukra experiences hot, dry summers and cool winters. Precipitation is minimal during the year. During spring and autumn, the region is prone to Gibli (dusty desert winds).
Zuwaylah and Jalu
Zuwaylah and Jalu. Many of these places offer excellent desert safaris.
For lovers of history, Libya is home to the World Heritage Sites .